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生活小百科:指甲上有白点怎么办?

2016-11-17 10:17 新闻网 点击次数 :

生活小百科:指甲上有白点怎么办?

  White spots on nails are very common, everyone at some point in their lives experience them. These spots can indicate a few different things, because the different patterns of white spots may be symptomatic of different causative conditions, but the underlying theme is that your body is trying to tell you that you are not healthy. It's essential to know the causes and take respective measures to treat them.

  指甲上出现白色斑点是很常见的,几乎每个人都可能会遇到。这些小斑点因形状等的不同,会反映出我们身体可能存在的不同问题。无论哪一种,这其实都是再告诉我们:我们可能需要关注自己的身体健康状况了。所以我们有必要知道白色斑点出现的原因,以及针对不同原因而需要采取不同的措施。

  Nail Injuries

  指甲受伤

  The white spots on the fingernails, which can appear as dots or lines, are called leukonychia. An injury to the base of the nail, which is also known as the matrix, can result in the appearance of these white spots on the nails.

  指甲上的白色斑点,有时会成点状或线状出现,这叫做白甲病。可能会由于指甲根部(也叫基质)部分受伤而导致。

  Due to the fact that these spots take some time to appear after the injury, you may have forgotten all about the injury. Some examples of the types of injuries that can cause these spots are banging the finger on the door or banging it on the countertop or with a hammer. Having manicures done frequently can cause injuries to the nails as well.

  这类白色斑点可能会在受伤很长一段时间之后才会出现,所以你可能都不记得指甲曾受过什么伤了。导致这类斑点出现的指甲受伤类型包括指甲撞在门上或工作台上或被锤子砸到等。过度频繁的剪指甲也会导致指甲受伤。

  Allergic Reaction

  过敏反应

  There are times when white spots can appear on the nails due to an allergic reaction to nail polish, nail hardener or even nail polish remover.

  有时因涂指甲油或者卸甲水时导致的过敏反应也会使指甲上长出白色小班点。

  Zinc Deficiency

  缺锌

  Zinc is a metal that is normally found in the human body. A zinc deficiency in a person commonly causes white spots or streaks in their nails.

  锌是人体所必须的一种微量元素。体内缺锌经常会导致指甲上出现白色斑点或白色细条。

  A change in the person's diet can help to resolve this problem.

  改善饮食能帮助解决这个问题。

  Some foods that can help to add zinc to the person's diet are oysters, baked beans, yogurt, crab, beef shanks, pork shoulder, spinach, nuts and whole grains.

  富含锌的食物包括牡蛎、烤豆、酸奶、蟹肉、牛腱肉、猪肩肉、菠菜、坚果以及全部的谷物。

  Protein Deficiency

  缺乏蛋白质

  A protein deficiency in a person will show as horizontal bands that extend across the nail bed. These lines are known as Muehrcke's lines. Due to the fact that these lines are on the nail bed and not on the nail plate, they will not simply grow out with your nails.

  体内缺乏蛋白质在指甲上的表现就是甲床上会出现横条纹,这种横条纹叫做米尔克线。由于这些条纹是长在甲床而不是甲面上,所以它们不会随着指甲一起生长。

  When the protein levels return to normal, these lines will usually just disappear. There are some rare cases in which these lines can be indicative of liver disease. There is a way to test to see if these lines are Muehrcke's lines or not. Just press down on the nail plate, and if the lines disappear then they are Muehrcke's lines.

  当体内蛋白质含量回归正常,这些条纹一般就会消失。在一些罕见案例中,这种条纹还可能成为肝病的预兆。有一种方法可以检测这种条纹是否属于米克尔线:按住指甲甲面,如果条纹消失那么它们就是米克尔线。

  Recommendations of protein-rich foods: Turkey beast, fish (salmon, tuna), pork loin, lean beef, tofu, beans, yogurt, soymilk, nuts and seeds.

  富含蛋白质的食物包括:鱼类(三文鱼、金枪鱼等)、猪里脊肉、豆腐、豆类、酸奶、豆浆、坚果及种子等。

 

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